HIPAA, PCI, and CMMC are all related to compliance frameworks in the fields of healthcare, payment processing, and cybersecurity. Each of these frameworks is designed to ensure the security, privacy, and proper handling of sensitive data in their respective industries. Let’s explore each of them in more detail:
- HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act): HIPAA is a United States federal law that primarily focuses on the protection of sensitive patient health information. It applies to healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses, as well as their business associates. HIPAA aims to safeguard patients’ medical records and other personal health information by setting standards for data security and privacy practices. Compliance with HIPAA involves implementing measures to protect electronic Protected Health Information (ePHI) and ensuring that only authorized personnel have access to it.
- PCI DSS (Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard): PCI DSS is a set of security standards designed to ensure the secure handling of payment card information. It applies to any organization that processes, stores, or transmits credit card data. The standard is maintained by the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council (PCI SSC). PCI DSS outlines specific security requirements that organizations must follow to protect cardholder data, such as encryption, access controls, regular security testing, and vulnerability management.
- CMMC (Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification): CMMC is a framework developed by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) to enhance the cybersecurity practices of organizations that work with the defense industrial base (DIB). CMMC builds upon existing frameworks like NIST SP 800-171 but adds additional layers of security and certification. It categorizes organizations into different levels based on their cybersecurity maturity, with higher levels requiring more advanced security practices. Organizations need to achieve the appropriate CMMC level to bid on DoD contracts.